Explore medieval armour of Great Britain and Europe. Types of shields, vambraces, cuirasses, pauldrons, sabatons, faulds, hauberks and more.
Shields have been used consistently throughout the Middle Ages.
The Cuirass is a piece of armour that covers the torso and consists of a chest plate and a back piece.
The medieval Helmet was a form of protective gear worn to protect the head, or for ceremonial use.
The Vambrace is a forearm guard that offers defence as part of a suit of plate armour.
The Greave or Jambeau was a piece of armour used to protect the tibia from attacks.
The Spaulder is a piece of armour, typically a single plate of steel or iron, that covers the shoulder.
The Mail Coif is a type of armour made of flexible chain mail and worn over the head.
The chain mail is a type of armour made of small rings liked together in a mesh.
The Rondel or Basegew is a circular piece of metal attached to a helmet, breastplate, or gauntlet.
The Sabaton or Solleret is the part of a knight’s armour that covers the foot.
The Faulds were pieces of plate armour worn below a breastplate to protect the waist and hips.
The medieval club or bludgeon was a short stick made of wood and wielded as a weapon.
The Morning Star is a club-like weapon with an attached ball adorned with spikes.
The medieval lance was used both on the battlefield and at jousting and tournaments.
Medieval Warwolves were siege engines used by the English during the Scottish Wars of Independence.
The mangonel is a medieval siege weapon similar to a catapult, used for throwing projectiles at a castle’s wall.
The Springald or Espringal was a mechanical artillery device used for throwing large bolts.