People in the Middle Ages worked in a variety of jobs, some of which continue today and others that have disappeared in time. Farmers harvested crops using sickles and scythes. Bakers made unleavened bread for different customs and occasions. Blacksmiths created everyday objects and weapons from wrought iron and steel. Candlemakers made candles from fat, tallow, and beeswax. Carpenters cut timber to make fences, beams, planks, doors, and furniture. While apothecaries sold wine, spices, herbs, and medicines. There were several other jobs and activities carried out by medieval people. You can find them below.
Medieval society was structured hierarchically, with a few essential professions and jobs necessary for society’s functioning. Some key occupations in the Middle Ages included carpenters, bakers, farmers, miners, and stone carvers.
Working in a medieval castle was both challenging and rewarding, but it varied greatly depending on one’s position and duties within the castle. Nobles and their families typically lived in castles, and the castle staff was responsible for ensuring the smooth running of the household and maintaining the castle’s defences. Explore servants, cooks, messengers and other occupations linked to the Lords and the needs of a castle or fort.
Medieval weapon makers, knights, and executioners. These are some jobs related to warfare and justice in the Middle Ages.
Life for medieval sea traders was difficult and dangerous but also potentially lucrative. Sea traders in the Middle Ages often travelled by ship to trade goods such as spices, textiles, and precious metals with other ports around the Mediterranean, North Sea, or Baltic Sea. Popular jobs included traders, sailors, innkeepers and other occupations relating to travelling, hosting, and trading.
Scribes, astrologers and other medieval occupations relating to religion and medicine.
Medieval crafting jobs varied greatly depending on the craft, but they were generally highly skilled and required a great deal of training and expertise. Craftsmen in medieval times were responsible for producing a wide range of goods, including clothing, armour, weapons, tools, furniture, and household items. These medieval occupations required specific knowledge and craft.