Medieval Occupations and Jobs

People in the Middle Ages worked in a variety of jobs, some of which continue today and others that have disappeared in time. Farmers harvested crops using sickles and scythes. Bakers made unleavened bread for different customs and occasions. Blacksmiths created everyday objects and weapons from wrought iron and steel. Candlemakers made candles from fat, tallow, and beeswax. Carpenters cut timber to make fences, beams, planks, doors, and furniture. While apothecaries sold wine, spices, herbs, and medicines. There were several other jobs and activities carried out by medieval people. You can find them below.

Essential Medieval Professions and Jobs

Some of the key occupations in the Middle Ages: Carpenters, bakers, farmers, miners, and stone carvers. 

Medieval Jobs in the Castle

Servants, cooks, messengers and other occupations linked to the Lords and the needs of a castle or fort. 

Medieval Occupations and Jobs: Cook

Medieval Cook

Medieval Cooks usually prepared their food over an open fire. They sometimes shared communal ovens for everyone on the premises of a town.

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Medieval Professions Related to War and Justice

Medieval weapon makers, knights, and executioners. These are some jobs related to warfare and justice in the Middle Ages. 

Medieval Jobs Linked to the Sea and Trading

Traders, sailors, innkeepers and other occupations relating to travelling, hosting, and trading. 

Medieval Professions: The Sailor

Medieval Sailor

Being a sailor in the middle ages meant living a lonely and difficult life, as they would often set sail for months or even a year at a time.

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Medieval Occupations for Religion and Medicine

Scribes, astrologers and other medieval occupations relating to religion and medicine. 

Medieval Crafting Professions

Medieval occupations that required specific knowledge and craft.

Books about Medieval Life

Medieval-Inspired Products